Footpad dermatitis in a NAGP program
Healthy animals just like healthy people, don’t need antimicrobials, and not all infections and diseases, need to be treated with antibiotics. Misuse, excessive use, or wrong use of antibiotics in humans and animals, is known to be the primary cause of the rise of superbugs, bacteria that have grown resistant to many antibiotics.
Antimicrobial resistance is a global threat, with major economic and health impact. World Bank estimated that drug-resistant infections will be responsible for a drag between 1.1 and 3.8% by 2050, on global GDP (Gross Domestic Products). A two years’ review in the UK concluded that 700,000 deaths each year can be attributed to Antimicrobial resistance.
A considerable fraction of bacterial resistance is raised from the livestock industry due to the vast history of antibiotic usage not only for treatment but as well as for growth promotion. Hence now the road to recovery and decreasing the risks of resistance also goes through the livestock industry.
And the first rule is: creating resistant animals, is a key to preventing diseases and decreasing the use of conventional treatment agents.
Due to the antibiotic resistance threat, the poultry industry worldwide is facing mounting pressure to phase out antibiotic use. The bacterial dysbiosis that has been created with antibiotic growth promoters, is now creating a significant misbalance of the individual gastrointestinal flora of animals in any region. But the only effect of antibiotics was not to create a dysbiosis. AGPs’ as well had physiological activities, such as suppressing inflammation or reducing the nutritional cost of immunity. Now the animals need to cope with more fight to balance the situation, by reaction with more systemic inflammation. There are different types of inflammations such as physiological or pathological inflammations. Although physiological inflammation is a natural element in each animal (immunity), pathological inflammation is the result of an acute microbial infection or tissue injury. One example of this kind of condition would be Foot Pad Dermatitis. In this case, the pathological inflammation would increase, and create subclinical physiological stress.
Footpad dermatitis is a great concern in the poultry industry related to animal welfare but as well as an economically important subject as chicken feet will be consumed as food in some regions of the world. Just China imports of chicken feet alone account for 300,000 tons each year.