Good farm management is the key to success in preventing many unfavorable conditions, such as diseases in farms. Proper bio-security, correct vaccinations, timely reaction to situations, and continuous monitoring should be considered highly. Being careful about sub-clinical situations, farm preparation before arrival, temperature control, humidity and ventilation control, managing litter quality, and establishing critical control points in the farm, will prevent consequences of clinical diseases, improving the safety of food, and boosting profits as well.
Reducing unnecessary visitors, applying measures to eliminate insects, closing the access of wild birds or rodents to farm buildings, controlling water or feed contamination, and proper disposal of dead animals, will ensure the success of a good disease control program. An exhaustive bio-security program will contribute directly to the resistance of animals, decreasing the risks, and more important, to the spreading of pathogens to the environment.
Almost 70% of the rearing cost is calculated as feed. Reaching the optimum genetic potential, and maintaining health, requires a balanced nutrition that is specifically designed for each species. Optimum protein sources, bio-availability of vitamin, amino acid and mineral premixes, correct lipid and energy content, elimination of pathogen or fungal contamination, will create a shield in animal health, improving immunity and maximizing systemic integrity. Water is also part of nutrition, Optimum pH and regular checks on water quality (Hardness, salt load, mineral profile) will contribute to animal performance and resistance to stressful situations.
Know-how is the primary and completing step of a successful NAGP program. Understanding the reasons, evaluating the needs, and telling the story are crucial for the safety of food in general. Creating a fluent communication among science, industry members, opinion leaders, and the farmers will ensure progress and responsible development.